Raffaello Sanzio (known simply as Raphael to most) was born in Urbino to Giovanni Santi, a painter in the town’s court. The young Raphael likely began his training there, where he was exposed to works by great artists such as Andrea Mantegna and Piero della Francesca. Raphael was also a pupil of Pietro Perugino, and his early works reflect the influence of his teacher, a Renaissance master in his own right. Between 1500 and 1508 Raphael worked in central Italy and became well-known for his Madonnas and portrait paintings. In 1508, Pope Julius II called on him to decorate the papal rooms in the Vatican, where he executed some of his best works, such as The School of Athens.